The iPad Diaries: Volume 2

Recently my department was given a set of 10 iPads thanks to a grant from the Saratoga Foundation for Innovative Learning.  I previously blogged about the first couple of days we used the new iPads in my classroom.  Today I am blogging about the second round of activities we have been doing.



I was interested to try an activity with Padlet.  Padlet is a virtual noticeboard where users can add text and photos.  I wanted my students to draw pictures in the Jot app and then upload them and write a caption.  The problem was that Padlet does not work very well on the iPad when trying to upload photos (there's no app, and the site does not seem to be optimized for tablet use).  So after browsing through other similar sites and apps, I settled on Lino.  Lino actually has an app, so it is fully functional on the iPad.


In groups of two or three, students thought up a French sentence, drew a picture of it in Jot, uploaded it to Lino, and then wrote a caption for another group.  It was cool to see the board get updated on the SMART Board in real time.  That made it easy for me to see if groups were on task and address any major errors (although I was circling around the room, too, but the students zoom in on the board when they write the caption).  My only issue with Lino was that a lot of the posts kept appearing on top of each other, and I would have to go over and organize them on my computer.  Not really a big deal, but if I can find an app that organizes them more easily, I'll use that next time.



About halfway through the day, we ran out of space on the board (I didn't think it was necessary to use a different board for each class), so we ended up making a second board.  Above, a screen shot of one of the boards.  You can see the actual boards here.



Students who finish tasks early are allowed to play on the DuoLingo app.  I love the app, but because the iPads are shared and students are not logging in, they aren't able to make as much progress as they would at home.  I'm searching for other options for early finishers.  Having the iPads at their disposal gives us so many ways to use that leftover time more productively and keep them engaged in the language.



Finally, I also used the iPads for stations in a quiz review (pictured above).  I had never done stations before, but I think I'm hooked!  This was the first opportunity for students to have one on one time with the iPads.  At one station, students were writing descriptions on white boards of what was going on in a photo, and a "mini-prof" would go over the possible answers with them (the mini-profs were very enthusiastic!).  At another station, students looked at a paper with about 16 different images on it.  In pairs, one partner described what was going on in the picture, and the other pointed to the one they were talking about.  At the iPad station, students played games that worked with mechanics and grammar, most of them cloze type activities.  Some students really enjoyed them, while others felt they could have been more interactive.  I liked them because students got instant feedback on whether or not their answers were correct, without the teacher hovering over them the whole time.  That being said, I'm on the lookout for apps that are a little more engaging and allow me design a quiz where I can provide information on why an answer is incorrect as well.



The SAMR model, explained above by Jonathan Brubaker, complete with a coffee analogy, helps teachers determine how useful a certain technology is in conjunction with a certain task.  Click on the above graphic to visit Jonathan's blog and read his thoughts on the SAMR model.  I first shared this image on my post about the value of low-tech in a high-tech world, but I think it bears mentioning again.  Another iPad-loving French teacher who has blogged about the SAMR model is Mme Mallette.  She is further along in her iPad journey than I am, so be sure to read her blog for excellent ideas.

The SAMR model is always in my mind when conceiving tasks with the iPad.  That doesn't mean all my tasks meet the "redefinition" criterion though (hardly!).  In this first year of using the devices, it's natural that more of the tasks will fall under "substitution" or "augmentation," and that's not a bad thing, I've learned.  Sometimes, it's necessary to start there and see how the activities and projects play out before building up to "modification" and "redefinition" tasks.  Having the SAMR model in my mind, though, helps me stay mindful of trying to harness the most potential from technology.

Stay tuned for my next installment of the iPad diaries, where I'll share a creative project my students recently completed!

As always, if you use iPads in your classroom and have app suggestions (especially on the topics I mentioned in the post) or comments, please feel free to add them!

Introducing French Students to Impressionism


Musée d'Orsay, Paris, home to many Impressionist paintings.

I hardly consider myself an expert in art history, but I do like to introduce my students to the world of Impressionism, an art form so closely associated with French painters.  Through reading The Private Lives of the Impressionists and a biography about Claude Monet, I became more knowledgeable about this form of art and the artists who created and developed it.


The Japanese bridge at Monet's Giverny residence.

Towards the end of the year, I do a two-day introductory lesson on Impressionism where I focus in on Monet, Renoir, and Degas in particular.  Here are some of my favorite resources and activities for teaching Impressionism:

These videos about Monet, Renoir, and Degas, respectively:

This video gives a nice introduction to Monet but also explains a little bit about how Impressionism as an art form came to be.



This video on Degas is a little on the short side (it's a preview for a 22-minute special), and it's obviously intended for a younger audience than my seventh graders, but I found it to be the most concise of any other Degas biography I could find.

The third video I show is an excerpt from "Discovering the Arts:  Impressionism & Beyond," which has a brief biography on Renoir in the section entitled "Styles of Renoir and Monet."  I don't show the Monet part because I like the Biography Channel video better for that.  Access to this video requires a Discovery Education account.  If your school doesn't subscribe to Discovery Education, I'm sure a suitable substitute can be found, but I just happen to really like this one.  If you have an account, you can find the video by logging in and searching for "Styles of Renoir and Monet."  The first minute and a half or so has the biography on Renoir.


Tourists admiring Impressionist paintings at the Getty Museum in Los Angeles.

This presentation created by Bonnie Rafferty and uploaded to TES Connect does a nice job of briefly explaining the concept of Impressionism in French and showing examples of famous works.  To download the presentation, you just need to sign up for a free TES account.  When I used it, I simplified the language to make it more comprehensible for seventh grade and added sections on Renoir and Degas.  I used to have students transfer some of the information into guided notes as we read it together, but now that we have iPads, I'm thinking of turning this into a group activity.


Clockwise from top left:  "Le bassin aux nymphéas" (Monet), "Nymphéas" (Monet), "La balançoire" (Renoir), "Répétition d'un ballet sur la scène" (Degas); all public domain works.

After showing students some works by Monet, Renoir, and Degas, and asking them about the light and colors that they see (en français, bien sûr !), I project nine or ten works on the SMART Board at once.  Students, in small groups, choose one work, and prepare three sentences about it in French:  who the artist is, what colors are present in the painting, who is in the painting or what the weather is.  They then present these sentences to the class, and the class guesses which painting they are talking about.





After students have learned a little bit about the Impressionists, I like to take them to Paris...virtually that is...and walk them through the Musée d'Orsay and the Musée de l'Orangerie.  As I take them by various works, I ask students to identify the colors they see and try and figure out who the artist is.  By this point, the students know enough about the differences between Monet, Renoir, and Degas, that they are usually pretty successful at this.  The easiest way to navigate these two museums is through the Google Cultural Institute.  It allows you to click on a work and it will transport you there in the museum.  Click on either of the museum screen shots above to visit them via the Google Cultural Institute.


View L'impressionnisme in a larger map

Finally, when time permits, I have in the past showed my students this Google Map of Impressionist work around the world.  It gives me an opportunity to show how Impressionism extends beyond France itself and just another way to tie in geography.

How do you introduce your students to art from the Francophone world?

Nuts & Bolts: 5 of My Must-Have Teacher Items

Sometimes it's those little things that help make our jobs easier and more organized.  Today I will share with you five of my favorite items that somehow help me stay organized, efficient, or effective.



The past couple years I have been using these custom self-inking stamps that I made at VistaPrint.  They are quicker than peeling stickers.  I use the J'aime stamp on high quiz grades, and the "Please see me" stamp on unsatisfactory quiz grades.  My policy is that any student can do corrections on a quiz and retake it (if the initial grade was low enough to warrant retaking) to earn back some of the lost credit.  Using the stamp frees me from having to hand write notes.  I know that the color red is somewhat controversial in the grading world, but I personally find that it sticks out and gets their attention, which is the point of the message.



The weekly planner pad is not what I use to plan my lessons in (that goes in my plan book binder, which is also a must-have for me, but felt it too obvious to include on this list), but rather to plan out what tasks I will accomplish each day.  It helps me stay organized and manage my time more efficiently (and not get bogged down trying to accomplish too much in one day!).  I will even write minute tasks like "respond to so-and-so's email," which are the types of things I forget if I don't write down.  The pretty floral one I use is made by Rifle Paper Co., but there are plenty of basic ones available online as well.



The absentee board is so helpful in efficiently providing missed work to students who are absent.  For each day, I fill in the homework (if any), the classwork handed out (if any), and other information, such as upcoming quizzes.  The sheets they need are lined up in front of the board.  Students need to be trained and reminded throughout the year on how to use the board (sometimes they forget to read the sheet to see specifically what they missed on each day), but overall, I find it far more efficient than individually culling work for each student.  Every teacher has their own system on how to manage missed work, and this is the one that I use.



This crazy looking green ball elicits lots of participation from students.  When I first introduce a topic and look for volunteers to model the language, far more hands go up when the green ball comes out.  Students love the opportunity to catch and hold it because it feels so strange.

Out With the Old, In With the New

My camera is a very important part of my teaching.  Capturing high quality photos in my classroom creates memories that I can share with the students at the end of the year, and allows me to communicate with parents and community members about what is going on in our classroom.  Awhile back I blogged about taking photographs in your classroom.

What are YOUR must-have teacher items?

The iPad Diaries: Volume 1



This year I was awarded a grant from the Saratoga Foundation for Innovative Learning for a set of 10 iPads to be shared among the department.   Needless to say, I have been very excited about using them, as have my students.  This past Thursday was the first day we used them, and everyone had a blast.  First, we used the Jot! whiteboard app (free) to practice verbs.  The prior two days we had read my SpongeBob story to introduce verb forms, and students had to complete cloze sentence with the correct word with sentences from the story.  Using the whiteboard app saves time over passing out the actual whiteboards, and it also saves ink (markers are expensive!).  Students worked in groups of three and passed the iPad back and forth, taking turns writing.  They can also save their "jots" for later use, which I plan to have them do in the future.



Next was Kahoot!  Kahoot! was a hit.  I read about Kahoot! on many of the language teacher blogs I read.  It's basically a multiple choice quiz, only so much more fun.  Students get points based on how quickly and accurately they answer questions, as dramatic music plays in the background.  My favorite part is that it shows how many students chose each possible answer.  I know whether to move on without explaining, and I know which things I need to reinforce more in future lessons.  This is not just a "day before the test" review, in my opinion.  I found it valuable for new material as well.  My questions were mostly cloze questions with verbs or pronouns missing (with picture prompts).  The leaderboard which shows the top 5 groups (and their often comical nicknames) gets everyone excited.  You have to try this to see how much fun it is!



The following day, we used the Jot app again for my Roll the Dice game.  In this game, students only need one whiteboard per group anyways, so it was great to save the time and ink, and the students were very happy to use the iPads again.  If you haven't read my article on the dice game, basically students roll two dice (one for pronoun, one for verb) and form a sentence based on the photos that corresponds to what they rolled.  What I did this time around to make it more communicative was give students an additional point who put an ending on the sentence (like the one below).  The ending of the sentence didn't have to be perfect, but I was looking for an effort to show the verb in context, beyond just "il regarde".  Because I have teacher's helpers for this activity, I have lots of time to interact with the students and make conversation with them about what they wrote or offer some assistance.



This is just the beginning of an exciting journey with this valuable technology.  The iPads won't be a daily fixture - for one thing, they are being shared among the department, and for another, I like to mix up the high tech and low tech!  But rest assured, we will be doing lots of exciting projects and activities with them for the remainder of this year and in subsequent years.  I'm looking forward to swapping ideas with my department and continuing to gather ideas from the many wonderful blogs I read.

To see more photos of the iPads in action, check out this post over on my classroom blog.

Finding and Using #Authres with Novice Students



Last weekend I presented at the NYSAFLT Capital-East Regional Conference on Finding and Using Authentic Resources with Checkpoint A Students.  For those of you not from New York, Checkpoint A is basically our state's way of saying novice.  Above is my presentation, and below are companion links.  A star next to a link indicates it was referenced in the presentation.  The other links are related recommended reading.

My Blog Posts from The French Corner About Finding and Using #Authres
*Creating a Google Maps Scavenger Hunt
*Creating a Virtual Trip to Paris
*Using Google Maps to Reinforce Geography
*Using Evernote to Organize Resources
*Using Headlines as #Authres
*Using Infographics to Reinforce Numbers and Culture
Authentic French Restaurant Menus
Finding #Authres for French students
Resources for Young French Learners (Part 1)
Resources for Young French Learners (Part 2)

Other Blog Posts About Finding, Using, and Organizing #Authres
*Box of Tricks: Resources: Keeping Them Real and Keeping Them Together
*Creative Language Class: Cognate Practice Part 1
*Cécile Lainé: Authentic input versus grammar drills
Isabelle Jones: World Languages, Facebook, Pinterest, Culture & Literacy
Martina Bex’s Materials on #Authres
Crystal Barragan: Authentic Resources + Embedded Reading

Language Teacher Bloggers That Frequently Blog About #Authres
Sara-Elizabeth Cottrell
Martina Bex
TICs en FLE (French)
El Conde (French)
El Mundo de Birch (Spanish)
Maris Hawkins (Spanish)
Creative Language Class

Language Teacher Facebook Pages That Frequently Share #Authres
*French Teachers in the US (closed group; must request invite)
Isabelle Pochat(French)
Mme Henderson(French)
French at Finneytown High School
Foux Furieux du Français
American Association of Teachers of French
Language Teachers Ireland

Language Teacher Twitter Handles That Frequently Tweet About #Authres
@mjosfle (French)
@nettiemeramera (French)
@jjeiden (French)
@catherineku72 (French)
@myriamdavies74 (French)
@mariefrance (French)
@lepointdufle (French)
@lnajap (French)
@sandrinepk (French)
@nicolenaditz (French)
@aatfrench (French)
@frenchteacherca (French)
@secottrell (Spanish)
@senorab1972 (Spanish)
@profehanson (Spanish)
@alenord (Spanish)
@icpjones (French/Spanish)
@valleseco (French/Spanish)

Pinterest Accounts That Frequently Share #Authres
My blog post on 15 French teachers to follow on Pinterest
frenchteacherca (French)
aatfrench (French)
parlefr (French)
mmedevine (French)
jennca (French)
lnajap (French)
wyomingfrench (French)
musicuentos (Spanish)
alenord (Spanish)
spanish4teacher (Spanish)
srtacarmencita (Spanish)
icpjones (French & Spanish)

Authentic French Websites/Blogs (Subscribe to many of these & follow on Facebook/Twitter too)
*Démotivateur – Photos w/captions (French; WARNING: filter for adult content)
Desmotivaciones – Photos w/captions (Spanish; WARNING: filter for adult content)
*AudioLingua – Audio clips from native speakers
France Bienvenue – French conversations with transcripts
Géo Ado – French children’s news site
1jour1actu – French children’s news site
Mon Quotidien – French children’s news site
La Griffe de l’Info – French children’s news site
Le journal de Suzon – Fictional diary of a French girl during WWII
BrainPop France – Children’s learning site
(Many more French #authres linked on my blog post)

Other Resources for Finding & Organizing #Authres
*Hashtagify – Search for popular Twitter hashtags by language
*Trendsmap – Look for trending Twitter hashtags by region
*Twitter hashtag #authres
*Gramfeed – Search Instagram hashtags
*Feedly – Subscribe to RSS feeds
*Evernote – Organize #Authres as you find them
*Wordle – Make a word cloud from the text of an #authres
*Scoop.It! -- Follow feeds that share #authres, or share your own

Scoop.It! Feeds that Share #Authres – You can subscribe to these like blogs
My Scoop.It on French News Articles
My Scoop.It on French Visual Media
Sandrine Pac-Kenney’s Scoop.It on French Media
Francparler OIF’s Scoop.It on French Media
Mme Henderson’s Scoop.It on Authentic French Texts

My Favorite #Authres (and More!) for Mardi Gras & Carnaval



Carnaval and Mardi Gras are important celebrations, not just in the francophone world, but in many cultures around the world.  Many of my 7th grade students come into my classroom with a vague knowledge of Mardi Gras, but very few of them have a real understanding of the origins, the history, and the impact on American culture.  I like to take some class time to teach them about all these things, keeping as much of it in French as possible.  Not all of these resources are true "authentic resources," hence the "and more!" in the title of this post.



I like to show the above video from National Geographic as an introduction.  Although it's in English and it is a bit dated, it has lots of good information in it and serves as a nice overview of the holiday.  Then I go on to describe the holiday a little bit in French, demonstrating some of the key vocabulary words (such as médiéval, bouffon, masque, etc.)

I think it's also important to show students that Carnaval and Mardi Gras are not unique to the francophone world; that this is a holiday celebrated the world over.  I show them some of the photos from this gallery that depict Carnival celebrations all over the world.  Beware before you show this that some of the costumes shown in the photos may not be suitable for school.  I handpicked beforehand which photos to show.  As we look at each photo and see where it was taken, I ask the students whether or not the place is in a French-speaking country.

Because students are often confused about the difference between Carnaval and Mardi Gras, I drew a little timeline that shows the Carnival season, starting with La Fête des Rois (which we also celebrate) and how the excitement builds up to Mardi Gras.



I also show them the below video of a Carnaval celebration in Martinique.  It's got level appropriate language in it, and it shows another side of Carnaval in the French speaking world.



I then show my students some examples of Mardi Gras and Carnaval masks, and I give students a little bit of time to start one in class.  I encourage them to state the color they are using as they color them in.  Students can bring in masks that they made or ones from home for our Mardi Gras celebration the next day.



It just wouldn't be Mardi Gras without some music. We learn this song, Au bal masqué, by La Compagnie Créole. I love it because it's an authentic francophone song, it's catchy, and the lyrics are relatively simple and repetitive.  There is a part that says "J'embrasse qui je veux;" I tell them that "J'embrasse" means "I hug" - which it can!  It's not uncommon for me to hear a student singing the song at some point later on in the year!



On the day of Mardi Gras (or, if Mardi Gras occurs during February break, the Friday before), students bring in typical Mardi Gras dishes:  Kings cake, beignets, cream puffs, etc.  No gumbo or jambalaya, unfortunately, as it's just too difficult at school to have it refrigerated and then heated up.



What are your favorite Mardi Gras or Carnaval resources?

Food & Meal Taking - Activities Round-Up

In December I teach my students about food and meal-taking customs in francophone countries.  We learn about the importance of lunch time in France, different types of currency, how to order food, and how to pay for it.  Just as I did recently with my family resources roundup, in this post, I will share some of my favorite food and meal-taking activities.  You'll see a number of videos in this post; for showing students a little bit of the culture, short YouTube videos are my favorite.



1.  Dessinez un établissement
Awhile back, I blogged about this activity where students design their own French eatery.  After we learn about cafés, restaurants, boulangeries, pâtisseries, crêperies, and glaciers, students pick their favorite and look at photos of real ones before designing their own.

2.  Explore authentic menus
What better way to work with the vocabulary than with actual French-language menus.  Some of the things I do:  ask students questions about the menu in French (ball toss), have students answer comprehension questions in French as a homework assignment, give students a set of 4 menus, and a list of questions to ask each other about the menus.  If you're looking for some menus to use, I've rounded up 20 authentic French menus.



3.  Special Guest Speakers
This past summer I blogged about how much fun we have when the owners of a local crêperie, Ravenous, come visit my classes.  Students get to watch crêpes being prepared and order them in French!

4.  GeoBeats Videos
GeoBeats is an awesome YouTube channel sharing travel tips for locations all over the world.  They have a number of great videos showcasing various eateries in Paris.  Many of them are in English, but I find it worth it to show my students a little slice of life in France.  Here are some of my favorites:


5.  Sing A Sketch
After showing my students the video below, I have them create a similar short sketch in groups for a French eatery and sing it to the class.  It's more fun than just saying it!  Some students may feel shy about performing, but I don't force anyone to perform for the class that doesn't want to.





6.  Google Maps Scavenger Hunt
I also blogged about this fun activity where students visit various sites on Google Street View and answer questions about the menus they see outside the restaurants (for example "Combien coûte le pain oriental ?").  Unfortunately, Google recently eliminated Street View from custom maps, so I had to have students type in the addresses manually, but it still worked fine.

7.  The Price Is Right
I recently included this in my list of favorite new activities I tried in 2014.  This is an idea from Steve Smith of Frenchteacher.net.  He proposed having a game show à la The Price is Right, having students guess the price of various items.  My students absolutely loved this activity.  They worked in groups to guess the price of various items I had on the SMART Board, but they had to negotiate entirely in French.  They also had to write their answer in a complete sentence, reinforcing the difference between il coûte, elle coûte, and ça fait.  I had several students say to me at the end "J'aime l'activité !"

8.  France's Gourmet School Lunches
Yes, another video!  Although in English, this video offers a fascinating look at the food and customs surrounding school lunches in France.  I use this to spark a discussion about the importance of lunch in France and how eating is just as much a social time as it is a necessity of life.




9.  McDonald's in France Video
Okay, I know, yet another video.  I don't usually show so many videos in my class, but when it comes to food, there are so many gems lying around on YouTube that really give students a glimpse of the culture.  This one I love because it shows how a country can take something American and put their own spin on it.  They can see how, yes, McDonald's exists in France, but the experience is quite different than the one they are used to in the United States.



What are your favorite activities for food and meal-taking?  Please share in the comments!

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